Mesothelioma cancer is aggressive cancer. It is resistant to all currently known types of treatment. People affected by this type of cancer has a poor prognosis; the annual rate of survival of people diagnosed with mesothelioma cancer is only 50%.
The leading cause of mesothelioma cancer is exposure to asbestos. Due to high rates of exposure to asbestos in the twentieth century, the incidence rate of mesothelioma cancer is increasing steadily. It is likely to continue rising for the next decades.
So, how does the mesothelioma cancer looks like in a CT scan? As you can see in the left picture, mesothelioma cancer is indicated by yellow arrows. It shows you the mesothelioma cancer that has formed in a patient’s body for a few months or years ago.
Topics reviewed on how to treating mesothelioma cancer.
Mesothelioma cancer is also known as asbestos cancer since it is caused by the exposes to asbestos at a high rate. For those who work on asbestos industries, the level of safety should be put on the highest level in order to prevent mesothelioma cancer from happening.
In this post, I will elaborate on some minor topics on treating mesothelioma cancer effectively. Some say that mesothelioma cancer is hard to treat. But I’m concern about prevention rather than treatment. So here are some topics that reviewed in this article:-
- What is mesothelioma cancer?
- What causes of mesothelioma cancer
- Types of mesothelioma cancer
- Methods of treating mesothelioma cancer
- Related products in treating mesothelioma cancer
What is mesothelioma cancer?
Mesothelioma cancer is a disease that begins in cells located in certain parts of the body, especially the chest, abdomen (stomach), and heart. The lining formed by these cells is called mesothelium. These cells protect the organs by means of a special fluid that allows organs to move. For example, this liquid is more comfortable for the lungs to move during breathing.
Mesothelioma cancer is a rare form of cancer, which most often arises from the cells lining the bags of the chest (pleura) or abdomen (peritoneum). Pleural mesothelioma is the most common form, often presenting with symptoms of the chest. Peritoneal mesothelioma is much less common.
This may affect the organs in the abdomen, and its symptoms are related to this area of the body, i.e., bloating, nausea, vomiting, and bowel obstruction—a rare form of mesothelioma, pericardial mesothelioma, which is the sac surrounding the heart.
What causes of mesothelioma cancer
Most people with mesothelioma cancer have worked on jobs where they breathed asbestos. Typically, this is due to men older than 40 years. Other countries have been exposed to asbestos in the home environment, often without knowing it.
About 3 out of 4 of mesothelioma cancer start in the chest cavity. This is called pleural mesothelioma. Another 10% -20% start in the abdomen (stomach). These are called peritoneal mesothelioma. Those starting around the heart are very rare. This cancer can start in the tissue around the testicles, but it is also infrequent.
Types of mesothelioma cancer
There are three main types of mesothelioma cancer based on how the cells look under a microscope.
- Epithelioid: This is the most common type. It strives to better the prognosis (outlook) in comparison with other types.
- Sarcomatoid (fibrous): About 1 or 2 of 10 mesothelioma cancer are classified in this type.
- Mixed (biphasic): This type has the features of type 2. About 3 or 4 of the ten mesothelioma cancer are of mixed type.
Methods for treating mesothelioma cancer
Mesothelioma cancer treatment depends on several factors, including the stage of mesothelioma, the location of the tumor, and the age and general health. Here some example of methods that generally used to treating mesothelioma cancer:
- Surgery – removal of mesothelioma – Surgical removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue may be used depending on how the spread of mesothelioma (stage). The most advanced stage, the less likely that the operation will be useful in the treatment of mesothelioma cancer. Surgery of malignant mesothelioma may be used to control and treat diseases (aggressive surgery) or can be used for pain relief (palliative).
- Aggressive surgery – Aggressive surgery involves the removal of the pleura, lung, diaphragm, or pericardium. (The guy with the removal of the pleura is called extrapleural pneumonectomy). The aim is to remove as much tumor as possible. This type of surgery, also called extrapleural pneumonectomy, is typically performed in younger patients at stage 1 mesothelioma. Because of the complexity and high risks associated with this type of surgery, some hospitals will not perform the procedure. In addition, various medical centers may have different criteria for the admission of patients for surgery. Thus, it is essential to consult with the hospital to see if it meets these criteria.
- Palliative surgery – Palliative surgery is used in more advanced stages of mesothelioma. The aim is to relieve or control symptoms caused by fluid collection or a tumor compressing the lung or other organs. It is not intended to treat mesothelioma cancer.
- Pleurectomy/decortication – Usually known as palliative surgery. It is used in situations in which the entire tumor can not be removed. It is useful in combating the accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pleural), as well as pain caused by mesothelioma cancer.
- Thoracentesis – Used to treat effusion in pleural mesothelioma. This procedure involves inserting a needle into the chest to drain fluid. Thoracentesis does not involve surgical removal of mesothelial cells.
- Radiation – Radiotherapy for high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and reduce mesothelioma tumors. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body of X-rays in place of mesothelioma cancer.
- Brachytherapy – Brachytherapy consists of chemicals for the production of radiation directly on the site of mesothelioma cancer. This is done by inserting a thin plastic tube into the chest or abdomen. Due to the location of malignant mesothelioma is very difficult to deliver high enough doses of radiation to kill the tumor without damaging the surrounding organs. As a result, it is unclear whether radiation therapy is an excellent method for treating mesothelioma cancer. Nevertheless, it was effective in killing tumor cells remaining after surgery was performed.
- Radiation therapy – Also used as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms of mesothelioma such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and internal bleeding. Radiation therapy has some side effects, such as fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Although sometimes these side effects are temporary, they should enable doctors, as it often can be controlled.
- Chemotherapy – Basically uses drugs to treat mesothelioma cancer. It is administered orally (via pills) or by injecting drugs directly into the vein (intravenously), the muscles of the chest cavity (intrapleural), or peritoneal cavity (IP). The purpose of mesothelioma chemotherapy drugs enter the bloodstream and circulate throughout the body to destroy cancer cells. Due to the relatively low level of results from a single-agent therapy in the treatment of mesothelioma cancer, a combination of these drugs have been used to improve its effectiveness. Although some scholars have pointed to the high level of response to these therapies, these figures do not match, and more research is needed. Chemotherapy drugs are usually very toxic. Thus, the physician should be cautious in monitoring the patient during treatment. Some of the most common side effects: nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite, hair loss, and fatigue. Chemotherapy can also lead to a decrease in blood cells, which increases the risk of infection and bleeding or bruising. Side effects depend on the treatment and usually disappear after treatment is completed.
New treatments are currently being evaluated in mesothelioma clinical trials, hoping to cure or treating mesothelioma cancer. Mesothelioma Clinical trials and studies that evaluate new procedures to ensure the safety and efficacy of mesothelioma. There is no guarantee that the course of treatment for mesothelioma clinical trial works, and because the systems are in the trial stage, there are some risks. However, mesothelioma clinical trials will not be made if investigators believe that treatment may have some value.
- Clinical trials – Mesothelioma clinical trial is a study to evaluate treatment for efficacy and safety. In general, it suggested a new approach to treatment and conducted the school hospital.
- Photodynamic therapy – involves the delivery of sensitive drugs in mesothelial cells. Doctors then use a laser light to activate a photosensitive drug to kill cancer cells around them. To date, photodynamic therapy has demonstrated success in improving survival for patients with mesothelioma cancer.
- Gene Therapy – Used to correct the disease at the DNA level of abnormal genes for compensation. Several types of gene therapy study for the treatment of mesothelioma. Although this practice has proved effective in animal studies, the results in human studies have been disappointing.
- Immunotherapy – Aims to increase the natural ability of the immune system to fight cancer. Studies have shown that the immune system distinguishes healthy cells from cancer cells to kill cancer cells. Immunotherapy uses biological response modifiers to improve the body’s natural ability to fight disease. The first involves the removal of healthy cells, which are then exposed to cytokines and antibodies. These cells are then re-grew the peritoneum, which increases the body’s ability to fight cancer.
Preliminary studies have shown a significant reduction of mesothelioma tumors at very early stages of the disease. Much more research, however, necessary to determine its efficacy for the treatment of mesothelioma cancer.
This type of therapy means the use of any combination of surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or for treatment of mesothelioma. The most common form combines surgery with radiation or chemotherapy intercavitary both before and after removal and disposal of mesothelioma.
Given the relatively poor track record of traditional medicine in the treatment of mesothelioma and still does not cure mesothelioma, the number of people is turning to alternative mesothelioma treatment. These include holistic forms of treatment such as acupuncture, homeopathy, herbs, and other forms of oriental medicine for the treatment of mesothelioma cancer.
These alternative approaches may be used alone or in combination with traditional treatments for mesothelioma. However, most of the hospitals do not give these forms of treatment, and insurance companies are generally not covered by these procedures.
Related products in treating mesothelioma cancer
References and sources
Mesothelioma – Environmental Risk of Asbestos
Generally, this site discusses a topic related to the risk of mesothelioma cancer from working at the asbestos industry. It helps people by providing a brief explanation of insurances and laws issues regarding the mesothelioma disease.
Asbestos, Mesothelioma and DIY Projects
This is a must-read article. Reviews the mesothelioma cancer and other related topics that I believe will give you a tone of information.